The Hamburg-based green electricity provider wants to shut down RWE’s coal power plants and replace them with 8.2 GW of wind and solar power plants. Approximately €7 billion will be invested in the new facilities, which are said to be built without any public support. Key to the initiative will be citizen participation.
Greenpeace Energy plans to gradually take over the lignite mines and coal power plants of German utility RWE in the Rheinische Revier region of Western Germany from 2020, and shut them down by 2025. This will make room for new photovoltaic and wind power plants with a total capacity of approximately 8.2 GW, the company said in a press release.
The plan is to be implemented through citizen participation, while also including investments from public and private companies, and to transfer RWE’s jobs in the coal business to the new renewable energy infrastructure operations.
“What we propose is a huge chance for the Rheinische Revier – and brings us a big step forward in climate protection,” said Sönke Tangermann, CEO of Greenpeace Energy. “Our concept is financially fair for all sides and designed so that operational redundancies can be avoided.”
Greenpeace Energy has offered RWE and other political bodies – from municipalities to the federal government – talks on the implementation of the plan.
The operation is valued at €384 million, said Fabian Huneke of the institute Energy Brainpool. This includes the cost of closing the Hambach mine and the six oldest and least efficient power plant blocks in 2020, the Inden mine and six further power plant blocks by 2022, and the Garzweiler mine and the last three blocks by 2025. The price is based on assumptions of the profit that could be made with these power plants selling power on the electricity market until they become unprofitable due to rising CO2 prices.
Greenpeace Energy has already set up several new companies to implement the concept. An energy cooperative will take care of citizen participation. Wind power and photovoltaic systems with a capacity of 3.8 GW and 4.4 GW, respectively, are to be built on all suitable former open-cast mining areas. In 2030, they are expected to deliver more than 15 TWh of renewable electricity – around a quarter of what Rhenish lignite currently supplies, as Greenpeace went on to say.
According to calculations by Greenpeace Energy, the construction of the entire renewable power plant park would cost around €7 billion. It is by far the largest renewable energy project in Europe and, thanks to economies of scale, particularly inexpensive to build, it stated. The projects would be developed outside of any public support scheme and, nevertheless, returns of five to seven percent are possible, based on the average market values.
The sites for the solar and wind farms will be leased by the energy cooperative from a newly founded municipal land division in which all landlords are organized, as Greenpeace Energy further stated. The lease income was expected in the last stage of development to be €45 million euros annually. In addition, a real estate company would be responsible for land restoration, while an employment company should gradually take over all employees of the RWE lignite coal business. These could, for example, work in the land restoration of open-pit mines and power plant decommissioning or be further qualified for new jobs in renewable energies and other industries.
Source PV Magazine