Increasing scrutiny is putting pressure on the world’s biggest oil and gas companies to jump aboard the green energy wagon. While some are making efforts to divest away from conventional energies, figures estimate that just 1.3% of total CAPEX in 2018 from the leading 24 companies will go to alternative energies.
A new report issued by U.K.-based non-profit charity CDP titled, Beyond the cycle: Which oil and gas companies are ready for the low carbon transition?, has ranked 24 of the largest and highest impact publicly listed oil and gas companies, representing around 31% of global oil and gas production, on their business readiness for a low carbon transition.
“The five European Majors and Repsol collectively account for 84% of the disclosed US$22 billion invested in alternative energies since 2010 by all 24 companies,” write the authors.
Meanwhile, BP has been found to have the largest alternative energy business, but Equinor, Shell and Total have more in their pipelines.
CDP calculates that the companies mentioned have 7.7 GW of renewables capacity in operation, with another 10.2 GW under development. Of this, European companies account for 70% and 94%, respectively.
In terms of planned annual CAPEX in alternative energies, CDP finds Shell leads the pack, aiming to spend 5.5% or between $1 billion to $2 billion annually, with Equinor, Total, BP and Eni all planning between just under half a billion to just over half a billion, annually.
While the headline news is good, when compared to their overall capital expenditure (CAPEX), anticipated to be $260 billion for 2018, a measly 1.3% is set to be invested into low carbon assets this year.
Climate strategy = overall strategy
However, change is in the air. Indeed, with increasing pressure from stakeholders including consumers, investors and regulators pushing for an energy transition, the oil and gas industry is being forced to rethink its strategies. “Going forward, there can no longer be any difference between overall strategy and climate strategy,” state the authors.
They find that votes for shareholder resolutions regarding the goal to limit global warming to 2 degrees Celsius grew to 53% this year, up from 21% in 2014. This has led to nine of the examined companies publishing a 2 degrees Celsius scenario analysis, they say, and 15 setting corporate emissions reduction targets.
Furthermore, the changing transportation landscape, with electric vehicles and intelligent mobility will also play a big role in how oil and gas companies operate in the future. While passenger vehicles are currently said to account for 24 million barrels, out of the global demand for around 99 barrels of oil per day, the aforementioned technologies could see this significantly disrupted, with a 34% decline by 2040, according to Bloomberg NEF.
In addition to capitalizing on the dropping costs of renewables – by using on-site solar instead of fuel gas, for instance – the companies reviewed are also looking to digitalization and innovative technologies to improve efficiency and productivity.
Regarding renewables specifically, CDP writes that although returns on solar and wind projects are typically half of what is usually expected from upstream oil and gas projects, the former pose far less risk than the latter, meaning in the longer term, they are “much more attractive”.
“Technological advances are driving costs down and long-term revenues and stable cash flows provide oil & gas companies a hedge against long-term threats to oil & gas demand,” write the authors.
Overall, they conclude, “Engagement, collaboration and innovation will be more crucial than ever. Climate-related targets and alignment of governance and remuneration structures with low-carbon objectives may very well form part of the industry’s social license to operate in the coming years.”
Source PV Magazine